The Author has prepared a comprehensive history of the development of the Industrial Gas Turbine covering the first 70 years in the progress of the gas turbine for land based, industrial and marine applications. The history of more than 80 engineering companies is included. This story started around 1940 when, following the success of Brown Boveri and the Whittle aircraft engine, with UK governmental support a number of British companies enthusiastically entered the race to exploit the concept of the gas turbine for power generation, propulsion and other purposes. The companies involved included British, European, US, Japanese and others.
This has proved to be a really an exciting story and one which turned out to be a race with many challengers. The work of the early Pioneers is also reviewed and more than 26 individual pioneer contributions leading to the success of the industrial gas turbine analysed. This historical account has been a collaboration of many individuals all of whom have willingly shared their experiences knowledge and advice. The written account give due recognition to all these contributors.
Different technological approaches as well as progress in gas turbine operational conditions and performance development are reviewed. The different applications of the industrial gas turbine are reviewed including power generation, mechanical drive, marine propulsion, road transport, locomotive engines and others. The different types of fuels used in the industrial gas turbine are reviewed. Research Institutions are mentioned as well as several notable gas turbine installations being described for this period of the industrial gas turbine story.
In preparing the history, in addition to the contributions by all the Contributors, the Author has drawn on the archives of professional institutions, historical documents, and a number of other sources. An extensive list of references is provided with the history.
Part 1 has already been published and Part 2 of the gas turbine story is to be presented during 2013 and will cover the following 20 years (1990-2010), bringing the industrial gas turbine up to its current advanced state of development and a view of the future. This is a story that continues with present day designers seeking to reach ever increasing targets of performance, higher operating conditions and increasing flexibility of operation.
Ronald Hunt CEng FIMechE FIDGTE
Power + Energy Associates
Morpeth United Kingdom
Web site: www.power-energy.co.uk
Since the Blog was first posted in January 2011 the following presentations have been made:
Peterborough on January 2011 (http://www.idgte.org/)
Newcomen Society in Newcastle upon Tyne April 2011
IMechE IET joint meeting in Lincoln April 2011
Cranfield University in May 2011
IMechE at Lutterworth in November 2011
IMechE at Brooklands in January 2012
Bangkok Thailand in February 2012
Tunisia in April 2012
This history and development of the gas turbine documents the achievements of the gas turbine manufacturers listed below; each of these have been studied and the developments of each manufacturer analysed:
Bladon Jets - United Kingdom
Author's Note. All contributions to this history are most welcome. PLEASE post your comments and share your experience. Email your comments and questions.